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Brief introduction of Volvo 240 Turbo in Group-A


In 1982, Volvo 242 debuted in the European Touring Championship (ETC), a series that started in 1963. It was Halmstadsbon Greger Pettersson with Anders Olofsson and Peggen Andersson who took a modified Turbo cup car to England in 1982. The injection engine was raging on the training and when no one looked On the car was the gas-fired engine in the car and the bonnet was closed. However, the Ekipaget was forced to break an exhaust pipe.

In 1983 Thomas Lindström and Stanley Dickens and Per Stureson ran with Ingemar Persson the season premiere at Monza. These two drivers then run a selection of the competitions in the European Championships. But at Tourist Trophy, later that year, started something bigger. Then it was the premiere of the Evo model of the Volvo 242 Turbo. Larger turbo, charge air cooler, gearbox and a wing on the suitcase were the major changes. On site there were four Volvoekipage. As already mentioned, there were Greger Pettersson, Anders Olofsson and Mats “Lillen” Magnusson as Technical Manager for the Sport Promotion Team. In a car like Volvo itself called for the Infra Paint car that was driven by Robert L. Kvist and Börje Thor. None of the cars came in goal. Infra Paint the car qualified, however, in place nine in the over 20 cars strong division 3. For sports promotion, the adventure ended before the race when the engine was shot during the free training.

In 1984, Volvo started seriously in Grupp-A, the first track win came for Volvo then, and for the first Group-A turbocar ever. The following year, Volvo won the championship without much pardon, though it had been a lot of complaints from Rover’s side. FISA then reviewed Volvo and everything was in order. 1986 could also have ended with winning the championship, especially if Tom Walkinshaw and his Rover were stuck in the wheel for Volvo. According to him, the Volvo car had not been driven according to the rules, he meant to be deliberately cheated. Fédération International du Sport Automobile (FISA) disqualified Volvo on three different occasions in 1986, Volvo was driven on unleaded 99 october standard petrol at Anderstorp and on Zeltweg with an unauthorized fuel tank and dashboard. Two wins were taken away. But it would also prove later that there were other stables that ran with too big engines. FISA was in 1985 already interested in Volvo. The Volvo 242 Turbo was homologated in 1983 for the US market. 500 evolution models were delivered, but the US authorities did not register 242 cars. FISA’s rules were also the reason that Volvo pulled out of the ETC, two weeks after the final competition at Estoril in 1986.

And it was the end of an era in itself and it would be almost 10 years after 1986 before Volvo re-entered the motorsport again …


Brief introduction of the Group-A Rules


A car from the Group-A class of the European Touring Championship (ETC) must be a four-seater car and manufactured in at least 500 identical copies in the course of a year and the same year. The cars must be able to be purchased and run on a public road by private individuals. Before these 500 evolution cars (as Volvo chose to call them), only 5,000 standard cars have to be produced in one series, which in Volvo’s case meant that they had to manufacture 5000 Volvo 242 cars.

Volvo powered a four-cylinder turbocharged engine with a cylinder capacity of over 2100cc in Group-A (ETC) so that they could meet other cars without turbo and could have a larger cylinder capacity up to 3000cc which could be a car with either six alternatively twelve cylinders, all according to the Group-A regulations.

Some of the cars that Volvo met on the course in the Group A series were the following –


BMW E24 635CSi

Jaguar XJ-S V12

Rover SD1 V8

Mercedes E190 2,3l 16v

BMW E30 323i

Ford Sierra XR4TI

BMW E30 325i

Mazda 929 HB

BMW E28 528i

Maserati Bi-Turbo

Ford Mustang GT

Alfa Romeo 75 Turbo

Chevrolet Camaro Z28

Alfa Romeo 75 V6

Holden VK Commodore V8

Alfa Romeo Alfetta GTV V6
All photos borrowed from
touringcarracing.net
 

In 1983 when Volvo entered ETC, the biggest resistance came from Jaguar XJ-S, the BMW 635CSi, Alfa Romeo GTV and Rover Vitesse. The following year, 1984, again was Jaguar XJ-S, BMW 635CSi and Rover Vitesse who were mostly opposed to Volvo. In 1985, the BMW 635CSi and Rover Vitesse were the toughest to beat for Volvon on the track and this resistance lasted until the end of ETC 1986. All rated as sports cars in their own country and yes, Volvo 240 … That car was an old honorable and popular family and taxis that anyone could afford at that time. Basically.

Recently, Nissan Skyline, Ford Sierra RS 500 and BMW E30 M3 also came in the picture, all the racing cars! The BMW E30 M3 and Ford Sierra RS500 later came to dominate in Group-A.


Ford Sierra RS500

BMW E30 M3

Nissan Skyline RS Turbo

In the European Touring Championship (ETC), according to the Group A regulations, it’s the BMW 635 CSI, Jaguar XJ-S and Rover 3500, which draws the shortest straw. Certainly that sounds easy, but it’s the truth. As early as 1984, a Volvo 240 turbo ran 100 out of 150 laps at the front. This provoked many of the drivers who just drove those sports cars, you could not understand how a VOLVO 240 could drive over and then empty win. Volvo was therefore extravagantly audited by FISA (Federation International du Sport Automobile), at the request of the other teams with the larger cars, and believe me many attempts were made to make Volvo look like cheats. 1985 Was Volvo reviewed by FISA, it was thought that there was something that was not entitled to Volvo’s Evolution cars, but no fault was found and Volvo was allowed to keep the honors in reserve. However, three cases were blamed for 1986, incorrect fuel (too high octane content), for large fuel tanks (123-120 l to allow 120 l) and finally for an incorrect dashboard. This was an expensive Volvo and it was decided to end their participation in Group A and racing so far so well with some bumps on the road.

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